HTML Paragraphs

A paragraph always starts on a new line, and is usually a block of text.


HTML Paragraphs

The HTML <p> element defines a paragraph.

A paragraph always starts on a new line, and browsers automatically add some white space (a margin) before and after a paragraph.

HTML Paragraphs Example

<p>This is a HTML Paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another HTML Paragraph.</p>

HTML Display

You cannot be sure how HTML will be displayed.

Large or small screens, and resized windows will create different results.

With HTML, you cannot change the display by adding extra spaces or extra lines in your HTML code.

Read also  HTML Tutorial

The browser will automatically remove any extra spaces and lines when the page is displayed:

<p>
This HTML Paragraph
contains a lot of lines
in the source code,
but the browser
ignores it.
</p><p>
This HTML Paragraph
contains         a lot of spaces
in the source         code,
but the        browser
ignores it.
</p>

HTML Horizontal Rules

The <hr> tag defines a thematic break in an HTML page, and is most often displayed as a horizontal rule.

The <hr> element is used to separate content (or define a change) in an HTML page:

<h1>This is heading 1</h1>
<p>This is some text.</p>
<hr>
<h2>This is heading 2</h2>
<p>This is some other text.</p>
<hr>

The <hr> tag is an empty tag, which means that it has no end tag.

Read also  HTML id Attribute

HTML Line Breaks

The HTML <br> element defines a line break.

Use <br> if you want a line break (a new line) without starting a new paragraph:

<p>This is<br>a paragraph<br>with line breaks.</p>

The <br> tag is an empty tag, which means that it has no end tag.


The Song Problem

This song will display on a single line:

<p>

Jingle bells, jingle bells

Jingle all the way

Oh, what fun it is to ride

In a one horse open sleigh

</p>

 

Solution – The HTML <pre> Element

The HTML <pre> element defines preformatted text.

Read also  HTML class Attribute

The text inside a <pre> element is displayed in a fixed-width font (usually Courier), and it preserves both spaces and line breaks:

 

<pre>
Jingle bells, jingle bells

Jingle all the way

Oh, what fun it is to ride

In a one horse open sleigh
</pre>